Résumé English It seems appropriate to call tough constructions or hard nuts structures such as John is easy to please : they are indeed very difficult to analyse in the framework of the theory of Government and Binding, particularly if one wants to take into.
Basic description of tough-constructions and earlier syntactic analyses.
Thus, in an utterance such as (48) below, we would automatically re-create a context in which what is comfortable is a leather jacket, or the fabric covering a car seat:.
17 The subject of the main clause is interpreted as co-referent to the missing internal argument.7 British National Corpus, HGN.It aint pretty to look at trolls.45 45 Terry Pratchett, Reaper Man, London, Corgi, 1992,.She cracked an egg into the pan.Stop all zelda games for pc somebody/something 8transitive crack something to find a way of stopping or defeating a criminal or an enemy Police have cracked a major drugs ring.In Figure 3, the adjective can modify both the event and the participant, yielding the ambiguity explained above.76 As can be seen in the above trees, the position of the infinitival clause is not what is expected.(1980 On the Surface Syntax of Constructions with Easy-Type Adjectives, Language,.The skin was flexible enough to draw across the frame.
49 The scope of the adjective in pretty tough-constructions such as (44) Trolls aint pretty to look at is the same as that of aged in Figure 1: it modifies the participant, the subject trolls.However, this situation is forbidden by the Case Filter: argumwents can have one and only one case.39 Fantasia, Samuel Armstrong, James Algar, Bill Roberts, 1940.We have been unable to find any other example of tough-constructions with this adjective 38 38 Or another colour adjective.Indeed, it is not possible to re-introduce the agent with a for -PP, as is possible with classical tough-constructions:.90 of the time, speakers of English use just 7,500 words in speech and writing.Moreover, less is affixed to the stem need which, being modal, implies a judgment from the speaker and therefore an evaluation.It was easy to get along with dinosaurs.However, both internal arguments would be analysed as complements,.e., as sisters to the head 62 In (51 the prepositional phrase on the beach is optional.(1967 The Grammar of English Predicate Complement Constructions, Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.